Enap - Restorative Justice Symposium - Replay

Restorative Justice Symposium - Replay

On November 16 and 17, 2021, the National Correctional Administration Academy organized a hybrid symposium entitled "restorative justice: plural and shifting frontiers".

This symposium brought together around 380 people in person and remotely: probation officers, probation directors, trainee penitentiary services directors, auditors from the National School for the Judiciary, magistrates, prison administration staff, justice professionals and researchers from different disciplines. Live English interpretation has enabled international an online broadcast, particularly to our foreign partners.

After an opening of the symposium by Mr. Christophe Millescamps, director of the ENAP, and by Mr. Paul Mbanzoulou, director of the research, documentation and international relations division, 23 interventions by restorative justice experts (researchers and professionals) followed during these two days, as well as rich exchanges with the public. Gathered around four focuses, the various communications shed light on the appropriation and development of restorative justice in the French context and in the international context during the first day. The second day was an opportunity to question the challenges of training and the professionalization processes that it underlies, then the perspectives of restorative justice and its possible evolutions in different contexts.

The symposium was closed by Mr. Thierry Donard, deputy director of the penitentiary administration, who, after taking stock of the deployment of restorative justice in France, underlined and was delighted with the involvement and the mobilization of the School in this area.

See the program

The proceedings of the symposium, published by the Enap press, are already available for order on the Enap website.

You can view all the interventions on replay here :


Christophe Millescamps
Énap’s director

Welcome ceremony

Paul Mbanzoulou
Research, documentation and international relations director
National Correctional Administration Academy (Énap), France

Introduction of the symposium



Robert Cario
Emeritus professor of criminology
University of Pau and Pays de l’Adour

The origins of restorative justice, a human concept

 Question / RESPONSE   

Question from Christophe Millescamps : what more could the school do to further this noble cause of Restorative Justice ?
Reply by Robert Cario at 00:02:18

Question from Jean-Philippe Mayol : During your contribution, you made the remark that some seemed to have reservations or regrets about the institutionalization of mediation. What can you tell us about this comment ?
Reply by Robert Cario at 00:06:58

Reply by Robert Cario



Delphine Griveaud
National Fund for Scientific Research /PhD Candidate
Catholic University of Louvain, University of Paris Nanterre

“snapshot” of restorative justice in France in 2019

 Question / ReSPONSE   

Question from the audience :
What does the Prison Administration do with restorative justice according to your observations ?
Response from Delphine Griveaud at 00:00:59

Question of the chat :
Doesn't the probation officers training offered in Restorative Justice make it possible to limit professional gaps (criminologists or social worker) ?
Response from Delphine Griveaud at 00:05:00

Question from Mr. Mayol : Do  the actors you have met wish for supervision. And if they imagine it, it would be led by whom ?
Response from Delphine Griveaud at 00:06:29

Responses from Delphine Griveaud



Jessica Filippi
Researcher in criminology
French National Academy for Youth Protection and Juvenile Justice

Multifaceted and shifting frontiers of restorative justice for minors in France



Benjamin Sayous
French Institute of restorative justice’s managing director


 Question / ReSPONSE   

Question from Guillaume Brie : in the deployment of this Restorative Justice, are we not doing and saying rather than saying and doing ?
Answer by Jessica Filippi at 00:03:11 and Benjamin Sayous at 00:04:24

Question from the audience :
how do we concretely implement RJ when we are in a place where nothing has yet been done ?
Reply by Benjamin Sayous at 00:07:36

Questions in the chat :
How many perpetrator-victim encounters for minors have taken place in France ?
Responses from the speakers at 00:10:33 (see intervention by Emilie Matignon)

Will mediation involve the training of professionals ?
Answer by Jessica Filippi at 00:13:10

How to reconcile judicial time and people's time ?
Answers by Jessica Filippi at 00:14:06

Responses from Jessica Filippi and Benjamin Sayous



Round-table discussion: restorative justice’s effects and limits in France
Moderator: Jean-Philippe Mayol, Enap’s deputy director

Emilie Matignon
Researcher and training officer

Sid Abdellaoui
Social and occupational psychology professor
University of Lorraine

Lucie Hernandez,
university lecturer and researcher,
Interdisciplinary Centre of Applied Research in the Correctional field (CIRAP), Énap, France


Anaïs Tschanz,
criminology researcher,
CIRAP, Énap, France

Does restorative justice stand the test of penitentiary space-time

 Question / ReSPONSE   

Questions and exchanges with the participants :
What is the number of measures either in progress or concluded, within the framework of RJ ?
Response from Emilie Matignon

Question of the chat :
For participation to be as free as possible and to avoid instrumentalisation, what would be the ideal time for Restorative Justice, for perpetrators? How does each person's preparation process determine the authenticity of the approach ?
Answers from Lucie Hernandez and Emilie Matignon

Question from the audience :
Is it really a problem if initially the detainee who participates does so in an interested way (if afterwards there is a real grip on the program) ?
Answers from Lucie Hernandez, Sid Abdellaoui

Question from the audience :
What is the place of the victims, their roles in these arrangements? Can we measure their added value ?
Response from Emilie Matignon

Responses from Emilie Matignon, Sid Abdellaoui, Lucie Hernandez





Round-table discussion: International perspective on restorative justice
Moderator :  Jacques Faget, emeritus research director of CNRS, Centre Émile-Durkheim, Bordeaux

Catherine Rossi
Criminology professor
University of Laval, Quebec
Relational mediation: an epistemological framework at the service of speech subjectivity

 Question / RESPONSE   

Question from the audience :
How does the community in the broad sense fit into the relational approach, what place does it occupy ?
Response from Catherine Rossi



Anne Lemonne
Researcher at the National Institute of criminology and forensic science

 Question / RESPONSE   

Question of the chat :
Can we have details on Restorative Justice consultants in Belgium ?
Response from Anne Lemonne



Véronique Strimelle
Criminology professor
University of Ottawa, Canada





Paul Mbanzoulou
Research, documentation and international relations director
Énap France

 Question / RESPONSE   

Question of the chat :
Can we imagine that the probation services are competent outside or beyond any judicial measure ?
Response from Paul Mbanzoulou and Jean-Philippe Mayol (00:02:56)

Question from the audience :
Are there plans to increase the frequency and volume of training in Restorative Justice ?
Responses from Paul Mbanzoulou, Emilie Matignon (00:01:26) and Jean-Philippe Mayol (00:03:20)



Jean-Philippe Mayol
Énap’s deputy director

 Additional exchanges   

Additional exchanges :
Between Emilie Matignon and Jean-Philippe Mayol
Between Jacques Faget and Jean-Philippe Mayol

 Question / RESPONSE   

Question of the chat :
In the framework of the respect modules, have there been professional context mediation trainings ?
Response from Lucie Hernandez and Jean-Philippe Mayol

Responses from Emilie Matignon, jean-Philippe Mayol, Jacques Faget and Lucie Hernandez



Round-table discussion: Feedback from restorative justice trainers and trainees
Moderator : Lucie Hernandez, lecturer-researcher, CIRAP, Énap, France

Séverine Bouchet

 Question / RESPONSE   

Question from the room :
On the notion of “community”, how does the probation officer work with this concept, this “community feeling” ?
Reply from Séverine Bouchet (00:00:55), Paul Mbanzoulou (00:01:58) and Catherine Rossi (00:05:21)



Coordinator of the French South-east branch
French Institute of restorative justice

Criminal lawyer

 Question / RESPONSE   

Question from the audience :
Can the concept of “diversion” be a solution in the professionalization of probation officers to invest in RJ ?
Response from Noémie Micoulet at 00:01:55

Chat question :
How, like the Bordeaux region, can the pooling of resources be generalized to all the other regions ?
Answers from Noémie Micoulet at 00:05:16, Jean-Philippe Mayol at 00:07:36 and Wendy Thuillier at 00:08:26

Question from the audience :
How can we talk about relational mediation with virtual reality ?
Response from Wendy Thuillier at 00:11:28

Responses from Noemie Micoulet and Wendy Thuillier




Round-table discussion: Societal issues and restorative justice
Moderator : Catherine Rossi, criminology professor, University of Lavel, Québec

Katerina Soulou
Doctoral student in private law and criminal sciences
University of Aix-Marseille

Olivia Mons
Communication and development manager
France Victims Federation

Sandrine Lefranc
Researcher in political science, scientific deputy manager
Institute of social and human sciences, CNRS

 Question / RESPONSE   

Question 1 : when can we consider the restorative approach ?
Reply from Katia Soulou at 00:03:00

Question 2 : for the indirect victims, what is the place of the community in general, as a whole ?
Responses from Katia Soulou and Sandrine Lefranc at 00:04:20

Question 3 : what would be the relevance of RJ in the face of perpetrators who resort to forms of dissimulation of their beliefs ?
Answers from Katia Soulou, and Catherine Rossi at 00:07:50

Question 4 : what is really specific to terrorism offences, or to spousal violence offences ?
Reply from Sandrine Lefranc: 00:15:08

Question 5 : for radicalized detainees, can RJ be set up in a logic of preventing an offense ?
Responses from Katia Soulou and Olivia Mons at 00:16:50

Responses from Katia Soulou, Olivia Mons et Sandrine Lefranc



Round-table discussion: Tomorrow’s restorative justice and its connection with penal justice
Moderator : Anaïs Tschanz, criminology researcher, CIRAP, Énap France


Margaux Coquet
Doctoral student in penal law
University of Jean Moulin Lyon 3,
Christophe Béal
Philosophy professor in preparatory classes in Tours

Marion Wagner
Research manager in law, correctional administration

 Discussed subjects   

How did you become interested in RJ, how do you perceive it? (from 00:05:45)
What does “restoring” mean to you? (from 00:16:08)
Can restorative ideology, in your opinion, be an interesting entry point for rethinking the meaning of punishment, or even for reforming the criminal justice system? (from 00:47:00)
Reaction from Anne Lemonne: (01:00:00)
Reaction from Guillaume Brie: (01:08:30)

Question / RESPONSE   

Question from the audience :
Should we wait for the system to change (the laws) or can we, through initiatives, bring about change? (answer from 01:10:05)



Jacques Faget
Emeritus research director of CNRS
Centre Émile-Durkheim, Bordeaux

Thierry Donard
French correctional administration director or deputy director (TBC)